Talk:Research: Child Pornography
The table data: http://anu.nfshost.com/2008/the-content-of-indecent-images may also be of interest. Daniel 03:30, 8 May 2008 (UTC)
- The data contained within the table is discussed within the section titled The Nature of Child Pornography. Brian 22:31, 9 May 2008 (UTC)
- I thought I'd added that data to this article, but I hadn't. I've added it now. Brian 01:53, 21 May 2008 (UTC)
- New York v. Ferber
- In 1977, child pornography and child prostitution were reported to be "highly organized, multimillion dollar industries." If both this statistic and the current multibillion claim are accurate, then the ban on child pornography must have been accompanied by a drastic increase in its profitability.
Collapse generic data/summarise
Because of the size of this article, it may be best to collapse the data on internet use and legitimate porn at the top, alongside the graph. The Admins 00:37, 17 June 2009 (UTC)
"If we turn to the use of child pornography, this has been of increasing concern over the past few years, as shown for example by the international police operation known as Operation Ore which resulted in 7,000 arrests in Britain in 2003. What impact did this have on the level of cautions and convictions? In 2003, when Operation Ore was at its height, the figures from England and Wales more than doubled. From 531 in 2002, the total peaked in 2003 at 1,287 people found guilty of taking, making or possessing an indecent photograph of a child. Since 2003, the figures have settled at around 1,000 people a year: 1,162 in 2004, 1,154 in 2005 and 934 in 2006 (data from Ministry of Justice, personal communication, May 2008). So, judging by the number of individuals found guilty of child pornography offences, it would seem, as with direct sexual contact offences, to be a very small-scale phenomenon indeed." The Admins 22:15, 18 July 2009 (UTC)
- Official explanations for the unexpected decline include (1) less lawlessness
associated with crack cocaine; (b) women have been taught to avoid unsafe situations; (c) more would-be rapists already in prison for other crimes; (d) sex education classes telling boys that “no means no.” But these minor factors cannot begin to explain such a sharp decline in the incidence of rape.
- There is, however, one social factor that correlates almost exactly with the rape
statitistics. The American public is probably not ready to believe it. My theory is that the sharp rise in access to pornography accounts for the decline in rape. The correlation is inverse: the more pornography, the less rape. It is like the inverse correlation: the more police officers on the street, the less crime. The Admins 23:35, 31 July 2009 (UTC)
Deconstructing the Myth of Careful Study
Even looking only at the start of this article, we get figures on sentences over time (since CP possession was criminalised):
The Admins 23:12, 3 August 2009 (UTC)
- I've cited a summary, but this should really help when somebody can read http://wapercyfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/news_resources_Dr_William_Thompson_expert_report_-Met_v_Adamson..pdf--JohnHolt (talk) 05:35, 7 October 2021 (CEST)
Specifically (post 2011 citations from his paper, I haven't read):
Wolak J. Finkelhor, D. MitchellK.Jand Jones L.M.(2011) Arrests for Child Pornography Production: Data at Two Time Points from a National Sample of US Law Enforcement Agencies, 16 (3) Child Maltreatment 84-195.
Wollert R. Waggoner, J. and Smith J. (2011) Federal Internet Child Pornography Offenders: Limited Offense Histories and Low Recidivism Rates, in Barbara K. Schwartz (eds) The Sex Offender; Current Trends in Policy and Treatment Practice Vol VII Civic Research Institute, NJ. Chapter 2.
Weissler, Emily (2013) Head Versus Heart: Applying Empirical Evidence About the Connection Between Child Pornography and Child Molestation to Probable Cause Analyses, 82 Fordham Law Review. 1487.
Seto, M.C. and Eke, A.W. (2015). Predicting recidivism among adult male child pornography offenders: Development of the Child Pornography Offender Risk Tool (C-PORT). Law and Human Behavior, 39, 416-429
Seto, M. C., Wood, J. M., Babchishin, K. M., & Flynn, S. (2012). Online solicitation offenders are different from child pornography offenders and lower risk contact sexual offenders. Law and Human Behavior, 36, 320-330.
Seto, M.C., Hanson, R.K., and Babchishin, K.M. (2011) Contact sexual offending by men with online sexual offenses. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 23, 124-145
Merdian, Hannah L. Moghaddam, N., Boer, D.P. Wilson, N. Thakker, J., Curtis, C. and Dawson, D. (2016)Fantasy-Driven Versus Contact-Driven Users of Child Sexual Exploitation Material: Offender Classification and Implications for Their Risk Assessment, Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 1–24.
McManus,M.A.,Long,M. L.,Alison,L. and Almond,L.(2014).Factorsassociatedwithcontact child sexual abuse in a sample of indecent image offenders. Journal of Sexual Aggression. Advance online publicationhttp://www.internetbehavior.com/pdf/contact_and_cp_mcmanus.pd
McManus,M.A., and Almond,L.(2014).Trends of indecent images of children and child sexual offences between 2005/2006 and 2012/2013 within the United Kingdom.Journal of Sexual Aggression, 20, 142-155
McCarthy, J. (2012)Testimony Related to the Assessment & Treatment of Child Pornography Offenders and Motivation To Collect Child Pornography, US Sentencing Commission (Feb. 15th, 2012.
McCarthy, J. (2010a).The relationship between possessing child pornography and child molestation. Doctoral thesis. Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database (UMI: 3412742).McCarthy, J.(2010b). Internet sexual activity: A comparison between contact and non-contact child pornography offenders. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 16, 181-195.
Magaletta, P. R., Faust, E., Bickart, W., & McLearen, A. M. (2014) Exploring clinical and personality characteristics of adult male Internet only child pornography offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 58, 137-153.
Long, M. L., Alison, L. A., & McManus,M.A.(2013).Childpornographyandlikelihood of contact abuse: A comparison between contact child sexual offenders and non-contact offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 25, 370-395.
Lee, A. F., Li, N.C., Lamade, R., Schuler, A., & Prentky, R. A. (2012) Predicting hands-on child sexual offenses among possessors of Internet child pornography. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 18, 644-672.
Henshaw, Marie: (2017)The Demographic, Mental Health and Offending Characteristics of Online Child Pornography Offenders: A Comparison with Contact-Only and Dual Sexual Offenders, Centre for Forensic Behavioral Science Faculty of Health, Arts and Design Swinburne University of Technology Melbourne, Australia. Thesis for the degree of Doctor of Psychology (Clinical and Forensic Psychology).
Henshaw, M., Ogloff, J.R.P. and Clough, J.A. (2015). Looking Beyond the Screen: A Critical Review of the Literature on the Online Child Pornography Offender, Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 1–30.
Graf, M., and Dittmann, V. (2011) Forensic-psychiatric treatment for Internet sex offenders, in D. P. Boer, R. Eher, L. A. Craig, M. H. Miner and F. Pfäfflin (Eds.), International perspectives on the assessmentand treatment of sexual offenders: Theory, practice, and research (479-488). Hoboken, NJ. Wiley-Blackwell.Hamilton, M. (2012)The Child Pornography Crusade and its Net-widening Effect, Cardozo Law Review 33.41679-1732.Handler, M.R. (2011)A Law of Passion, Not of Principle, Nor Even Purpose: A Call to Repeal or Revise the Adam Walsh Act Amendments to the Bail Reform Act of 1984, 101Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology279.
Gillespie A. (2011)Child Pornography: Law and Policy. London Routledge. Goller,A.,Graf,M.,Frei,A.,&Dittmann,V.(2010)PW01-117-Recidivismofinternetsex offenders: An epidemiologic study on more than 4600 offenders in Switzerland. European Psychiatry, 25.1. 1533
Forbes, S.G. (2011)Sex, Cells, and Sonora: Applying Sex Offender Registration Laws to Sexting Cases, 52 William and Mary Law Review. 1717.
Elliott A. Beech, A.R. and Mandeville-Norden, R. (2013) The psychological profiles of Internet, contact, and mixed Internet/contact sex offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 25, 3-20.
Eke, A.W., Seto, M.C., & Williams, J. (2011) Examining the criminal history and future offending of child pornography offenders: An extended prospective follow-up study. Law and Human Behavior, 35, 466–478.Eke, A.W., & Seto, M.C. (2012) Risk assessment of online offenders for law enforcement, in K. Ribisl and E. Quayle (Ed) Internet Child Pornography: Understanding and Preventing On-line Child Abuse (148-168). Devon, England, Willan.
Dearinger, B. (2011) The Mandatory Pretrial Release Provision of the Adam Walsh Act Amendments: How "Mandatory " Is It, and Is It Constitutional? St. John's Law Review 85. 4. 1343.
Briggs, P. Simon, W.T. and Simonson, S. (2011) An exploratory study of internet-initiated sexual offenses and the chat room sex offender:Has the internet enabled a new typology of sex offender? Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. 23, 72-91.
Bourke, M., Fragomeli, L., Detar, P. J., Sullivan, M. A., Meyle, E., O’Riordan, M. (2014). The use of tactical polygraph with sex offenders. Journal of Sexual Aggression.Pre pub copy at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13552600.2014.886729. I Accessed this paper via the NCJRS.
Babchishin, K., Hanson, R.K., and VanZuylen, H. (2015) Online child pornography offenders are different: A meta-analysis of the characteristics of online and offline sex offenders against children. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 44, 45-66.
Aslan D., and Edelmann R. (2014) Demographic and offence characteristics: A comparison of sex offenders convicted of possessing indecent images of children, committing contact sex offences or both offences. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 25, 121-134.
Aiken M. and Berry, M. (2011) Child Abuse Material and the Internet: Cyberpsychology of Online Child Related Sex Offending. Paper Presented at the 29th Meeting of the Interpol Specialist Group on Crimes Against Children Lyon, France 11–12 Sept. 2011 Ahlers, C.J,Schaefer, G.A,Mundt, I.A,Roll, S,Englert, H,Willich, S.N,Beier, K.M. (2011)How Unusual Are the Contents of Paraphilias?: Paraphilia-Associated Sexual Arousal Patterns in Community-Based Sample of Men, 8 Journal ofSexual Medicine 1362-1370