A child is a person who has not started puberty (a prepubescent). Within the sphere of chronophilia research and self-reference among people expressing various chronophilias, this simple definition is used.
Alternative definitions are the familial status (I am the child of my parent, despite being 35 years old), or someone who is either below the Age of Majority or Age of Consent (a minor). The United Nations use the latter definition - someone under the age of 18.
Childhood and by extension, the status of human beings as children is an unstable concept. It has been suggested by some historians such as Philippe Aries that the concept of childhood is itself a second-millennium invention.
In sentencing two different men for child pornography offenses, Judge John A. Woodcock Jr. has stated that “This is not only a crime against individual children. This is a crime against childhood itself and the innocence of childhood”, thus highlighting the importance of these statutes in maintaining the institution of childhood.
Within academia, Critical Childhood Studies explores, among other topics, the history and construction of childhood, textual and visual representations of childhood, childhood as metaphor, and children, themselves, as agents of cultural production.
Childhood innocence and vulnerability
- Minor-adult sex
- Child Sexual Abuse
- Child Pornography
- Jacob Breslow