Formerly a psychology professor at Temple University, Philadelphia, Bruce Rind (born August 3, 1953) [no relation to the alternative health practitioner from Washington], is an independent researcher in the field of intergenerational sexualities. Rind is best known for his 1998 paper (published with Robert Bauserman and Philip Tromovitch) and the moral outrage it sparked in America. He has also written about factors that affect persuasion in advertising and tipping.
Rind was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. As a teenager, Rind was a standout chess player, rising to be the top-rated player in Pennsylvania as an adult. He was awarded a FIDE International Master title in 1979 and achieved a FIDE rating of 2335.
Rind received his bachelor's degree from the College of William and Mary. He then attended Temple University, earning a master's degree, followed by a Ph.D. in psychology in 1990. His dissertation examined factors in the persuasiveness of advertising. Rind taught courses at Temple until 2007. He has since resided in Leipzig, Germany.
Despite a strong background in a number of psychological topics including communication, Bruce Rind is best known for his studies of intergenerational sexuality - particularly pederasty in its historical and modern contexts. In addition to this, Rind has been at the heart of numerous statistical analyses of sexology data new and old, also lecturing in the most advanced statistics courses.
Published by Rind in 1998, A Meta-Analytic Examination of Assumed Properties of Child Sexual Abuse Using College Samples collated data from previous studies, concluding that:
Self-reported reactions to and effects from CSA indicated that negative effects were neither pervasive nor typically intense, and that men reacted much less negatively than women. The college data were completely consistent with data from national samples. Basic beliefs about CSA in the general population were not supported.
The study was condemned by a number of conservative Talk Radio hosts and then formally so by the US House of Congress. Author Thomas D. Oellerich called the study "politically incorrect" but "scientifically correct". It has been suggested that the Rind et al. controversy demonstrates that employing the naturalistic fallacy leads to situations in which empirical descriptions of nature are seen as dictating moral conclusions.
Continued publishing in the 10s and 20s
Examples of Rind's studies on intergenerational sexuality
- Rind, Bruce (1995). "An Analysis of Human Sexuality Textbook Coverage of the Psychological Correlates of Adult - Nonadult Sex", Journal of Sex Research, 32(3), p. 219-233
- Rind, Bruce and Philip Tromovitch (1997): A meta-analytic review of findings from national samples on psychological correlates of child sexual abuse. Journal of Sex Research, 34 (3) 237-255. DOI: 10.1080/00224499709551891
- Rind, Bruce; Tromovitch, Philip; Bauserman, Robert (1998). A meta-analytic examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samples. Psychological Bulletin, 124(1), 22–53. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.124.1.22
- Rind, Bruce (2001): Gay and Bisexual Adolescent Boys' Sexual Experiences With Men: An Empirical Examination of Psychological Correlates in a Nonclinical Sample. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 30 (4) 345-368. DOI: 10.1023/a:1010210630788
- Rind, Bruce (2003): Adolescent Sexual Experiences with Adults: Pathological or Functional? Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 15 (1) 5-22. DOI: 10.1300/J056v15n01_02
- Rind, Bruce (2013): Homosexual Orientation - From Nature, Not Abuse: A Critique of Roberts, Glymour, and Koenen (2013). Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42 (8) 1653-1664. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-013-0080-6
- Rind, Bruce (2013): Pederasty: An Integration of Empirical, Historical, Sociological, Cross-Cultural, Cross-Species, and Evolutionary Evidence and Perspectives. In: Thomas K Hubbard, Beert Verstraete (Eds.), Censoring Sex Research: The Debate over Male Intergenerational Relations. (pp. 1-90) New York: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9781315432458
- Rind, Bruce and Max Welter (2014): Enjoyment and Emotionally Negative Reactions in Minor–Adult Versus Minor–Peer and Adult–Adult First Postpubescent Coitus: A Secondary Analysis of the Kinsey Data. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 43 (2) 285-297. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-013-0186-x
- Rind, Bruce and Max Welter (2016): Reactions to First Postpubertal Coitus and First Male Postpubertal Same-Sex Experience in the Kinsey Sample: Examining Assumptions in German Law Concerning Sexual Self-Determination and Age Cutoffs. International Journal of Sexual Health, published online 11-FEB-2016. DOI: 10.1080/19317611.2016.1150379
- Rind, B. (2016). "Reactions to First Postpubertal Female Same-Sex Sexual Experience in the Kinsey Sample: A Comparison of Minors with Peers, Minors with Adults, and Adults with Adults," Archives of Sexual Behavior, 46(5):1517-1528.
- Rind, B. (2016). "Reactions to First Postpubertal Male Same-Sex Sexual Experience in the Kinsey Sample: A Comparison of Minors With Peers, Minors With Adults, and Adults With Adults," Archives of Sexual Behavior, 45(7):1771-1786.
- Rind, Bruce (2017): First Postpubertal Male Same-Sex Sexual Experience in the National Health and Social Life Survey: Current Functioning in Relation to Age at Time of Experience and Partner Age. Archives of Sexual Behavior, published online 17-JUL-2017. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-017-1025-2
- Rind, Bruce (2018): First Postpubertal Same-Sex Sex in Kinsey's General and Prison Male Same-Sex Samples: Comparative Analysis and Testing Common Assumptions in Minor-Adult Contacts. Archives of Sexual Behavior, published online 5-JUN-2018. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-018-1196-5
- Rind, Bruce (2020): First Sexual Intercourse in the Irish Study of Sexual Health and Relationships: Current Functioning in Relation to Age at Time of Experience and Partner Age. Archives of Sexual Behavior, published online 5/19/2020. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-020-01721-y
- Rind, B. (2022) Reactions to Minor-Older and Minor-Peer Sex as a Function of Personal and Situational Variables in a Finnish Nationally Representative Student Sample. Arch Sex Behav 51, 961–985. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-021-02224-0
- Rind, Bruce (1990). A Model for what Makes a Message Persuasive. Temple University
- Oellerich, Thomas D. (2000), "Rind, Tromovitch, and Bauserman: Politically Incorrect - Scientifically Correct", Sexuality and Culture, 4 (2): 67–81
- Friedrich, James (2005). "Naturalistic Fallacy Errors in Lay Interpretations of Psychological Science: Data and Reflections on the Rind, Tromovitch, and Bauserman (1998) Controversy". Basic and Applied Social Psychology. 27: 59–70.